Strategies and policy measures at National level to ensure Inclusive Mobility of students with disabilities
The Erasmus+ Romanian National Agency (ANPCDEFP) Inclusion Strategy 2016-2021 focuses on certain areas and target groups (including persons with special needs) according to the national context, considering the recurrent needs identified through the projects in the past years, while being in line with the European and specific ESF inclusiveness priorities in Romania. This strategy will be further enhanced for the 2021-2027 period.
In 2019, several success stories of students with special needs who benefited from a mobility experience were published by the Erasmus+ Romanian National Agency in the monthly newsletter „ANews”, with the purpose of raising awareness (October, November and December issues). An additional article was published in the November 2020 issue of the Market Watch magazine.
Targets for the participation of students with disabilities in credit mobility programmes such as Erasmus+
2020 annual target for learners with special needs that take part in Erasmus+ mobilities in higher education: 0.13% out of the total number of outgoing students.
2021 annual target for participants with fewer opportunties taking part in Erasmus+ mobilities in higher education: 6% out of the total number of outgoing participants.
Grants and support services available for local students with disabilities going abroad
Students from a disadvantaged background that go on a study mobility through the Erasmus+ Programme can benefit from additional top-up funding provided by their higher education institution. Furthermore, students with special needs going on mobility through the Erasmus+ Programme can benefit from additional funding provided by their higher education institution, based on the approval of their request and the additional allocation of funding intended to cover costs related to their disability by the Erasmus+ National Agency. The main steps that an outgoing student needs to take in order to request additional financial support are specified here, while further guidance must be provided by the sending university that will provide the grant to the student.
Grants and support services available for international students with disabilities
Students with fewer opportunities
Definition of fewer opportunities
The higher education legislation uses the definition of a person with a disability given by the Law no. 448/2006 on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities:
“Persons with disabilities are those whose social environment, unadapted to their physical, sensorial, mental, and / or associated deficiencies, totally impedes them or limits their access with equal opportunities to the life of the society, requiring protection measures in support of integration and social inclusion.”
Additionally, the Law no. 448/2006 uses the following general definition of disability: ”the generic term for impairments / deficiencies, activity limitations and participation restrictions, defined according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, adopted and approved by the World Health Organization, and which reveals the negative aspect of the individual-context interaction."
National procedures and conditions to be recognised as a student with fewer opportunities and to apply for reasonable adjustments
According to the Law no. 448/2006, adults with disabilities benefit from the rights provided by the legislation based on the classification and type of disability. The classification and type of disability of adults with disabilities are carried out by the Commission of evaluation of adults with disabilities.
Find out more information about Law no. 448/2006
Specific public support services and/or public grants for students with fewer opportunities?
According to the Law of National Education no. 1/2011, art.(118), students with physical disabilities have the right to adapted access
routes in all the university spaces, as well as to conditions for the normal conduct of the academic, social and cultural activities within the higher education institutions.
The following support services - which are addressed to all the vulnerable categories of students - include also specific services for students with disabilities aiming to ensure equal access and participation in higher education:
> grants to support at risk students through the ROSE - Romanian Secondary Education project (funded through a loan from the World Bank)
> social programs for students: scholarships for young people from underprivileged groups, improving student accommodation capacities, partially free of charge transport for students
> providing educational resources and services - support for retention in higher education of students at risk
> analysis of educational paths that allow more flexible access to higher education
> supporting people with disabilities to access and complete university studies
Find our more information about the ROSE project.